Nevertheless, they give only minor attention to the important chapter of the Jewish Resistance in France. Emphasis is instead placed on the role of the French Righteous Gentiles, who are credited with saving three-quarters of the French Jewish community. This gap between history and memory largely results from political and social considerations, especially the dogmatic French refusal to acknowledge ethnonational or ethnoreligious divisions within the French Republic.
After murdering an American tourist walking near an Israeli beach, they hijacked a civilian bus. The terrorists shot through the windows as the bus traveled down the highway. When Israeli troops intercepted the bus, the terrorists opened fire. A total of 34 hostages died in the attack. In response, Israeli forces crossed into Lebanon and overran terrorist bases in the southern part of that country, pushing the terrorists away from the border.
But UN troops were unable to prevent terrorists from reinfiltrating the region and introducing new, more dangerous arms.
Violence escalated with a series of PLO attacks and Israeli reprisals. The PLO repeatedly violated the cease-fire over the ensuing 11 months. Meanwhile, a force of somePLO members was encamped in scores of locations in Lebanon. Israel later discovered enough light arms and other weapons in Lebanon to equip five brigades.
Syria, which permitted Lebanon to become a haven for the PLO and other terrorist groups, brought surface-to-air missiles into that country, creating yet another danger for Israel. Israeli strikes and commando raids were unable to stem the growth of this PLO army.
The situation in the Galilee became intolerable as the frequency of attacks forced thousands of residents to flee their homes or to spend large amounts of time in bomb shelters.
Israel was not prepared to wait for more deadly attacks to be launched against its civilian population before acting against the terrorists. The PLO responded with a massive artillery and mortar attack on the Israeli population of the Galilee.
A year later, Syria forced Gemayel to renege on the agreement. The PLO seized whole areas of the country, where it brutalized the population and usurped Lebanese government authority.
Countless Lebanese told harrowing tales of rape, mutilation and murders committed by PLO forces. New York Times correspondent David Shipler visited Damour, a Christian village near Beirut, which had been occupied by the PLO sincewhen Palestinians and Lebanese leftists sacked the city and massacred hundreds of its inhabitants.
Returning villagers found their former homes littered with spray-painted Palestinian nationalist slogans, Fatah literature and posters of Yasir Arafat. They told Shipler how happy they were that Israel had liberated them.
By mid-June, Israeli troops had surrounded 6, terrorists who had taken up positions amid the civilian population of West Beirut. To prevent civilian casualties, Israel agreed to a cease-fire to enable an American diplomat, Ambassador Philip Habib, to mediate a peaceful PLO withdrawal from Lebanon.
As a gesture of flexibility, Israel agreed to permit PLO forces to leave Beirut with their personal weapons. But the PLO continued to make new demands. For more than a month, the PLO tried to extract a political victory from its military defeat.
Arafat declared his willingness "in principle" to leave Beirut, then refused to go to any other country. Arafat also tried to push the U.A Brief History of Israel, Palestine and the Arab-Israeli Conflict (Israeli-Palestinian Conflict) from ancient times to the current events of the peace process and Intifada.
Includes the ancient Jewish Kingdoms of Israel and Judea, Palestinian History, Roman conquest, Arab conquest, Crusades, intifada, ancient Israel, ancient egypt, Ottoman conquest, Zionism, mandate period, Israel War of. The earliest prehistoric cultures of Lebanon, such as the Qaraoun culture gave rise to the civilization of the Canaanite period, when the region was populated by ancient peoples, cultivating land and living in sophisticated societies during the 2nd millennium BC.
Northern Canaanites are mentioned in the Bible as well as in other Semitic records from that period.
The birthplace of the Jewish people is the Land of Israel. There, a significant part of the nation's long history was enacted, of which the first thousand years are recorded in the Bible. Israel is a small country with a relatively diverse topography, consisting of a lengthy coastal plain, highlands in the north and central regions, and the Negev desert in the south.
Running the length of the country from north to south along its eastern border is the northern terminus of the Great Rift Valley. There were a few wars that Israel fought in Lebanon: the Lebanese Civil War from , the Occupation of Southern Lebanon from , and the War Against Hezbollah in The Israel-Lebanon Conflict (Present) [xyz-ihs snippet=”textlinksx90″] The Israel-Lebanon Conflict—(Present): As with many of the conflicts in the Middle East, the ongoing war along the Israeli-Lebanese border is a part of the longer and larger Arab-Israeli conflict.
In , five Arab nations, including Lebanon, invaded Israel in a vain attempt to prevent the birth of the Jewish nation on land .