An analysis of david humes two categories of distinct truths

Philosophical skepticism is opposed to philosophical dogmatism, which maintains that a certain set of positive statements are authoritative, absolutely certain, and true. Philosophical skepticism emerged early in ancient Greek philosohy. For example, the Sophist Gorgias BCE claimed that nothing exists or if something exists, it cannot be known, or if something does exist and can be known, it cannot be communicated.

An analysis of david humes two categories of distinct truths

David Werther and Mark D. Philosophy and the Christian Worldview: Analysis, Assessment and Development Published: August 01, David Werther and Mark D.

Analysis, Assessment and Development, Continuum,pp. The editors and the authors of the book's thirteen essays dedicate the volume to Yandell. Although only four of the essays draw upon Yandell's works, all or nearly all, and some more than others, are in the spirit of his philosophical approach in the issues they treat and the method of their treatment.

A negative answer would have cast a pall over the succeeding chapters. He addresses three areas within Philosophy of Religion: Three of its four parts correspond to these three areas. The initial part, which contains Yandell's essay, is entitled "Religion and Worldview Assessment.

William Wainwright acknowledges that Yandell is exceptional in comparison with many investigators, in having both philosophical sophistication and knowledge of the history of religions, and praises him for his "sophisticated defense of the cognitive value of monotheistic experience" But he is critical of Yandell's understanding of introspection and ineffability, as well as of his reading of Jain, Buddhist, and Christian experiences, and his use and understanding of the category of the numinous.

Terrence Penelhum, whose chapter treats David Hume on religion and Yandell's assessments of Hume's work, has admiration for Yandell's scholarship, but likewise does not agree with Yandell on every point.

An analysis of david humes two categories of distinct truths

Another contributor, who does not mention Yandell, examines a religious tradition other than Christianity. Paul Reasoner compares the Confucian concept of ch'eng sincerity, integrity with the Christian concept of imago Dei human being in the image of God.

Yandell of course has examined and commented on religions other than Christianity. However, Reasoner's effort to find similarities between ch'eng and imago Dei, while not discounting differences, is quite different from Yandell's critical effort to assess different religious worldviews through the evaluation of different religious doctrines.

David Hume: Causality, The Problem of Induction, and the Subjectivity of Ethics

Chapters more congruent with Yandell's approach and concern, and with his effort to defend Christianity's worldview, are those on the problem of evil and on naturalism, and the book's three concluding chapters in Part Four "Religion and Metaphysics," although only one of these five chapters refers to Yandell.

Michael Peterson's essay on the problem of evil, "Christian Theism and the Evidential Argument from Evil," criticizes both William Rowe's argument from evil against the existence of God and counter-efforts, including Alvin Plantinga's felix culpa theodicy, before offering a "new direction for theodicy", jettisoning the principle that God can permit an evil only to bring about a greater good or to avoid an equally bad or worse evil Such a new direction, informed by Christian theology, Peterson believes will help to confirm the Christian worldview.

Paul Copan examines naturalism, which is a worldview as much as Christian theism or the worldviews of other religions, and argues that theism has a greater explanatory power than naturalism regarding consciousness, moral value, and more.

The book's final three chapters are on different metaphysical issues within philosophy of religion.The simplest and easiest to understand of all the arguments ever offered by believers is the Argument from Design.

The argument is remarkably simple. Apr 23,  · The relevance and indispensability of empiricism to ethics become apparent through an analysis of the role of empiricism in the moral philosophies of David Hume and Emmanuel Levinas.

An analysis of david humes two categories of distinct truths

Hume’s moral philosophy strongly appeals to a posteriori methods. common to the ___ tradition is the notion that the universe consists of independent entities, although individual philosophers disagree about whther these entities are material particles, sense date, impressions, facts or something else.

Metaphysical or ontological naturalism is the idea that there is nothing in the world but Nature. This leads to difficulties as to the existential status of ideas, abstract concepts like justice, and abstract entities like numbers or a geometric circle.

Methodological naturalism accepts as explanations only arguments based on natural phenomena. David Jones: The Nature Of Competitive Advantage David Jones: The Nature of Competitive Advantage. Strategic Management is the systematic analysis of the internal and . Stony Heart Country David Metzenthen Hearts HABITS OF THE HEART: HOW TO BUILD CHARACTER IN THE YOUNG A.

INTRODUCTION (Taken from Habits of the Heart, a teaching video by Elmer Towns, Church Growth Institute, Lynchburg, VA, ) 1.

From Relativism and Skepticism to Truth and Certainty