Washingtonwho was based at the Tuskegee Institute in Alabama, was among the most prominent African American leaders of his time. In his famous "Atlanta Compromise" speech given inhe advocated African American people's advancement through learning practical skills, particularly trades and agricultural skills, rather than through university education and voting rights. He believed that African Americans had to help themselves before whites would help them, and he thought that African
Civil War Reconstruction failed to assure the full rights of citizens to the freed slaves. By the s, Ku Klux Klan terrorism, lynchings, racial-segregation laws, and voting restrictions made a mockery of the rights guaranteed by the 13th, 14th, and 15th amendments, which were passed after the Civil War.
The problem for African Americans in the early years of the 20th century was how to respond to a white society that for the most part did not want to treat black people as equals. Three black visionaries offered different solutions to the problem. Washington argued for African Americans to first improve themselves through education, industrial training, and business ownership.
Equal rights would naturally come later, he believed. Du Bois agreed that self-improvement was a good idea, but that it should not happen at the expense of giving up immediate full citizenship rights.
Another visionary, Marcus Garvey, believed black Americans would never be accepted as equals in the United States. He pushed for them to develop their own separate communities or even emigrate back to Africa. Washington was born a slave in Virginia in Early on in his life, he developed a thirst for reading and learning.
After attending an elementary school for African-American children, Washington walked miles to enroll in Hampton Institute, one of the few black high schools in the South. Armstrong, a former Union officer, had developed a highly structured curriculum, stressing discipline, moral character, and training for practical trades.
Following his graduation from Hampton, for a few years Washington taught elementary school in his hometown. InGeneral Armstrong invited him to return to teach at Hampton. A year later, Armstrong nominated Washington to head a new school in Tuskegee, Alabama, for the training of black teachers, farmers, and skilled workers.
Washington designed, developed, and guided the Tuskegee Institute. It became a powerhouse of African-American education and political influence in the United States.
He used the Hampton Institute, with its emphasis on agricultural and industrial training, as his model. Washington argued that African Americans must concentrate on educating themselves, learning useful trades, and investing in their own businesses.
Hard work, economic progress, and merit, he believed, would prove to whites the value of blacks to the American economy. Washington believed that his vision for black people would eventually lead to equal political and civil rights.
In the meantime, he advised blacks to put aside immediate demands for voting and ending racial segregation. In his famous address to the Cotton States and International Exposition in Atlanta, Georgia, Washington accepted the reality of racial segregation. He insisted, however, that African Americans be included in the economic progress of the South.
Washington declared to an all-white audience, "In all things social we can be as separate as the fingers, yet one as the hand in all things essential to mutual progress. Recognized by whites as the spokesman for his people, Washington soon became the most powerful black leader in the United States.
He had a say in political appointments and which African-American colleges and charities would get funding from white philanthropists. He controlled a number of newspapers that attacked anyone who questioned his vision. Washington considered himself a bridge between the races.
But other black leaders criticized him for tolerating racial segregation at a time of increasing anti-black violence and discrimination.
Washington did publicly speak out against the evils of segregation, lynching, and discrimination in voting. He also secretly participated in lawsuits involving voter registration tests, exclusion of blacks from juries, and unequal railroad facilities.
By the time Booker T. Washington died insegregation laws and racial discrimination were firmly established throughout the South and in many other parts of the United States.
This persistent racism blocked the advancement of African Americans. Du Bois was born in Massachusetts in He attended racially integrated elementary and high schools and went off to Fiske College in Tennessee at age 16 on a scholarship.
I need help wit a paper on WEB DuBois and Booker T washington Status: Resolved. Which of the two views presented below, W.E.B. Du Bois’ or Booker T. Washington’s, offered a better strategy to put our nation on a quicker path to equality for African Americans at the turn of the twentieth century?
Select appropriate excerpts for your level of students and have them answer the.
Sep 11, · Best Answer: In short, Booker T. Washington believed in civil rights through evolution and W.E.B DuBois was more through revolution. Washington felt that blacks could not be a in a position to improve their standing until their communities reached a Status: Resolved.
Comparing W.E.B. DuBois and Booker T. Washington W. E. B. Du Bois and Booker T Washington had very different views about their culture and country. Du Bois, being born in the North and studying in Europe, was fascinated with the idea of Socialism and Communism.
Two great leaders of the black community in the late 19th and 20th century were W.E.B. Du Bois and Booker T. Washington. However, they sharply disagreed on strategies for black social and economic.