Informed consent for neonatal circumcision: This document is worth a read by all of us who perform newborn circumcision. This editorial comment seems to be a quasi-official warning to urologists. Under what conditions do sexual pleasure and desire get addressed in news coverage of sexual health issues like female genital cutting FGC and male circumcision MC?
Reference list Personality and Motivation- Introduction Donald Broadbent's career has been an exception to the rule that serious cognitive psychologists should treat individual differences as nuisance variables to be ignored. Donald has recognized the complexities of individual differences, has commented about the messiness of the findings relating individual differences to performance, but none-the-less has insisted that a proper understanding of human information processing needs to take into account individual differences in personality and motivation.
For this, as well as the many other accomplishments discussed in the chapters in this book, he is to be admired. In this chapter I review some of the historical and current evidence showing that Donald's concern for individual differences has been well founded.
I emphasize how individual differences combine with situational manipulations to affect the availability and allocation of cognitive resources. More importantly, I argue that personality effects can be understood in terms of differences in the way and in the rate at which parameters of the cognitive control system are adjusted to cope with changes in a Determinants of academic performance of b s varying world.
I conclude with the suggestion that an analysis of the motivational states that result from the interaction of individuals with their environment improves models both of cognitive performance as well as theories of personality.
There has been some progress, however, in determining the motivational states and individual differences most associated with efficient performance.
Who are these people and what causes these decrements was and remains an important question. A subsequent question is whether there are reliable individual differences in performance decrements associated with other stressful conditions. In general, decrements from optimal performance may be understood in terms of motivational effects e.
Motivation is the vital link between knowing and doing, between thinking and action, between competence and performance. Theories of motivation explain why rats solve mazes faster when hungry than well fed, why bricklayers lay more bricks when given harder goals than easier ones, why assistant professors write more articles just before tenure review than after, and why people choose to be fighter pilots rather than dentists.
How to motivate employees to produce more widgets and how to motivate oneself to do onerous tasks are the subjects of many management and self help courses. Fundamental questions of motivation are concerned with the direction, intensity, and duration of behavior. Within each of these broad categories are sub-questions such as the distinctions between quality and quantity, effort and arousal, and latency and persistence.
Cutting across all these questions are the relative contributions of individual differences and situational constraints to the level of motivation and of subsequent performance.
Factors Influencing Student’s Choice for a Senior High School Academic Track Vallente, Cleo Bernadette M. Albia, Ian Jephonie Gayosa, John Michael Vincent Dollaga, Kaiser Vim Nobleza, Marcho ACKNOWLEDGEMENT The researchers would like to acknowledge with sincere thanks and heartfelt gratitude and appreciation, the special persons who contributed much for the fulfillment of this study. Personality and Motivation- Introduction Donald Broadbent's career has been an exception to the rule that serious cognitive psychologists should treat individual differences as . Asset allocation is the rigorous implementation of an investment strategy that attempts to balance risk versus reward by adjusting the percentage of each asset in an investment portfolio according to the investor's risk tolerance, goals and investment time frame. The focus is on the characteristics of the overall portfolio. Such a strategy contrasts with an approach that focuses on individual.
Individual differences in motivation and performance may be analyzed at multiple, loosely coupled, levels of generality Figure 1. These levels reflect the time frame over which behavior is sampled.
Over short time periods e. As the sampling frame is increased e. At somewhat longer sampling frames e. At even longer intervals, differential sensitivities to positive and negative feedback affect task persistence and choice.
At much longer intervals, individual differences in preference affect occupational choice and the allocation of time between alternative activities.
At all of these levels it is possible to distinguish between effects related to resource availability and to resource allocation.
Although an adequate theory of motivation and performance should explain behavior at all of these levels, motivational effects at intermediate time frames have been most frequently examined.
In particular, the focus of this chapter are those motivational effects that can affect the link between thinking and doing within periods of several minutes to several hours. Psychological phenomena occur across at least 12 orders of temporal magnitude.
Cognitive and motivational theories at each frequency make use of directional and energetic constructs. Outcome measures may be organized in terms of their temporal resolution as well as their physiological emphasis.
Adapted from Revelle, For psychologists concerned with linking cognition to action, it is essential to consider how motivational variables affect the competence-performance relationship.
Ever since Blodgett's demonstration that well fed rats will learn mazes but that only hungry rats will show their knowledge by running rapidly through the maze, psychologists have been aware that competence is a necessary but not sufficient determinate of performance.
An even more important study was Yerkes and Dodson's demonstration that motivational intensity induced by foot shock has a non-monotonic affect upon rates of learning a discrimination task and that task difficulty interacts with intensity.
Unfortunately many cognitive psychologists pay only lip service to the competence-performance distinction and will report that their subjects are well motivated and thus it is not necessary to worry about motivation.
For such researchers, motivation is a nuisance variable that can be ignored by increasing sample size. The possibility that individual differences in personality might interact with situational manipulations in ways that can completely obscure important relationships is so foreign as to not even be considered.
An exception to this rule is those who have worked with or been inspired by Donald Broadbent. The best work on the effect on cognitive performance of non-cognitive manipulations such as noise, time of day, distraction, and incentives has been done by those who have followed the traditions established at the Applied Psychology Unit in Cambridge and continued at Oxford.
Discussing motivational and stress effects before such a group is equivalent to bringing coals to Newcastle.Determinants of Academic Performance-A Multinomial Logistic Regression Approach Sharmin Sharker*, MD. Mujibur Rahman the factors that influence student’s academic performance.
The determinants of academic performance havebeen Determinants of Academic Performance-A Multinomial Logistic Regression Approach. Under the direction of new lead editors Leiyu Shi and James Johnson, the new Third Edition of Public Health Administration examines the many events, advances, and challenges in the U.S.
and the world since the publication of the last edition of the book. 2. Research Methodology. In this study a linear model of graduate student performance was designed. graduate student academic performance was taken as a dependent variable and gender, age, faculty of study, schooling, father/guardian social economic status, residential area, medium of schooling, tuition, study hour and accommodation as an independent variables.
Factors Influencing Student’s Choice for a Senior High School Academic Track Vallente, Cleo Bernadette M. Albia, Ian Jephonie Gayosa, John Michael Vincent Dollaga, Kaiser Vim Nobleza, Marcho ACKNOWLEDGEMENT The researchers would like to acknowledge with sincere thanks and heartfelt gratitude and appreciation, the special persons who contributed much for the fulfillment of this study.
The Impact of School Quality, Socio-Economic Factors and Child Health on Students’ Academic Performance: Evidence from Sri Lankan Primary Schools.
With the increasing number of international students travelling to well-developed countries for higher education, there has been a growing interest in exploring the factors that influence their academic performance during their overseas studies.
This study aims to give an insight into international.