Lemon battery hypothesis

Perform the experment and make observations It is extremely important to make careful and detailed observations and measurements. There are two kinds of observations To complete your science fair project, you must analyze the data and draw a conclusion from the experimental observations you recorded Present your project - Your science fair display board is how your project will be viewed and judged.

Lemon battery hypothesis

Problem & Hypothesis - Citric Acid- Electrical Conductor

This will remove any dirt sticking to them. Carefully cut three aluminum foil rectangles, each three centimeters by 20 centimeters.

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Fold each strip in thirds lengthwise to get three sturdy one-centimeter-bycentimeter aluminum strips. In this activity you will make a very low-voltage battery.

The amount of electricity generated by this homemade battery is safe, and you will even be able to test it by touching your finger to it and feeling the weak current.

Higher voltages of electricity, however, can be very dangerous and even deadly; you should not experiment with commercial batteries or wall outlets. Procedure Place the lemon on its side on a plate and have an adult carefully use the knife to make a small cut near the middle of the lemon away from either end.

Make the cut about two centimeters long and one centimeter deep. Make a second, similar cut about one centimeter away and parallel to the first cut. Push a penny in the first cut until only half of it is showing above the lemon skin.

Part of the penny should be in contact with the lemon juice because that is what serves as the electrolyte. This copper penny in contact with the lemon juice serves as your first electrode. If your lemon has a very thick skin, you might need an adult to carefully cut away some lemon peel.

Why do you think is it important for part of the penny to be in contact with the lemon juice? Slide one of the aluminum strips in the second cut until you are sure part of the aluminum is in contact with the lemon juice. Can you guess which part of a battery the aluminum strip that sits inside the lemon is?

Lemon battery hypothesis

Do you think it is important for the aluminum to be in contact with the lemon juice? You have just made a battery! It has two electrodes made of different metals and an electrolyte separating them.

Do you think this battery is generating electricity or is there still something missing? Your battery can generate electricity but will only do so when the electrodes are connected with something that conducts electricity.

To make a connection attach the second aluminum strip to the part of the penny sticking out of the lemon with a plastic-coated paper clip.

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Make sure the aluminum touches the penny so electricity can pass between the copper and aluminum. You used an aluminum strip to create a connection; would you expect a plastic strip to work as well?

Do you know why you do not need to create a connection to the second electrode for this particular battery? As soon as the two aluminum strips touch one another, electricity will be produced in the battery and flow through the strips, from one electrode to the other.

Metal Detecting - The Halo Effect of Buried Coins

Because you cannot see the electricity flowing, you can try to feel it. Keep the two strips about one centimeter apart and touch your fingertip to them. Can you feel a tingling, created by a small amount of electricity running from one aluminum strip to the other through your body?

For more electrical juice and slightly stronger tingling sensationyou can build a second battery, identical to the first. You can choose a different spot on the lemon you just used or use a second lemon to build a second battery. Note that you only need one aluminum strip to build a second battery.

To connect the second one to the original find the aluminum strip of the first battery that serves as electrode.

It has its end inserted in the lemon. Use a plastic-coated paper clip to attach the other end of this aluminum strip to the penny of the second battery.

This connects the aluminum electrode of the first battery to the copper electrode of the second battery. Test this set of connected batteries in a similar way as you tested the single battery, bringing the ends of the two aluminum foil strips sticking out of your battery set those that have a free end in contact with your fingertip.

Can you feel electricity running? If you could feel it well the first time, is this any different? If you cannot feel the tingling sensation, check if each electrode—pennies and the aluminum strips stuck in the lemon—are inserted deep enough so they are in contact with lemon juice; make sure there is firm contact between the penny and its attached aluminum strip; and that the aluminum strips are not touching one another.

If all is correct, maybe you need slightly more electricity to feel tingling. You can test another person to see if he or she can feel the electricity or you can opt to add one more lemon battery to your set.A lemon battery is a simple battery often made for the purpose of education.

Typically, a piece of zinc metal (such as a galvanized nail) and a piece of copper (such as a penny) are inserted into a lemon and connected by wires. Marine Biology Jobs. A marine biologist is the person who studies aquatic organisms, their behaviour and interaction in detail.

From small organism like plankton to large creature like whales, everything that lives in ocean is included in marine barnweddingvt.com biologists collect and analyze data, study different plant and animal species and environmental effects on them and many more things.

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Potato battery science project is a simple experiment which demonstrates how a pair of different metals and electrolyte can produce electric current. When it comes to preschoolers and science, let observations speak for themselves! Click To Tweet.. Here are 20 of our favorite science projects for preschoolers: This post contains affiliate links to products I love and recommend to my readers.

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Lemon battery hypothesis

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What is the hypothesis for a lemon battery science project