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Sports Development in Botswana, Africa Submitted by: Robert Chappell The Botswana flag has never been raised nor has its national anthem been heard at the medal ceremonies of any major international sports Sport development.
The aim of this paper is to critically analyze problems of sports development in developing countries, taking Botswana, Africa as an example. This paper is based on material collected from a number of documents on sport in developing countries, newspapers and material from the Internet.
E-mail correspondence was exchanged with a number of officials employed by the key providers of sports development in Botswana. An interview was conducted with a Botswana international athlete who was resident in the United Kingdom. The republic of Botswana is situated in Southern Africa; it extends for kilometers from north to south and kilometers from east to west, and is the same size as France or Kenya, or slightly smaller than the state of Texas in the United States US.
Despite its size, the population of Botswana is only 1. It has one of the highest birth rates in the world, as the average Botswana woman will have five children. Since independence inthe national life expectancy increased from 49 to 69 years, but by it has been reduced by 25 years to 44 years. The virus is also expected to halve the population growth by One-half of the natural deaths are linked to the disease, and 1 in 8 children are infected with the virus at birth McIntyre, Sport development The relatively small population, and the concentration of the population into the southeast corner is due to the harsh physical and climatic terrain of Botswana.
Most of the country lies at an average elevation of meters, and covering 85 per cent of Botswana is the Kalahari Desert; in the northwest is the Okavango Delta, and in the northeast is the clay desert of the Makgadikgadi Pans. Such features and the limited number of urban communities make communication and travel difficult, thus presenting logistical difficulties with travel over long distances in order to participate in sport.
Softball, for example, is very popular, but there are a limited number of softball teams in Botswana. Due to problems with traveling vast distances in the country, play is geographically divided between north and south to minimize costs, and a national tournament is held annually, at the National Softball Diamond Stadium in Gaborone.
So Botswana, with a high GNP by African standards, is in a better position to succeed in international sport than many other African countries. Through fiscal discipline and sound management, Botswana has transformed itself from one of the poorest countries in the world to a middle-income country.
The performance of the economy has enabled the government to increase resources for education, health, food, housing, and social welfare programs including sport. Success in international sport.
Botswana was more successful at the All-Africa Games in Abuja, Nigeria in when they won 6 medals. A Commonwealth Games medallist from Botswana informed me: I was told that: We are fortunate and I salute all those guys working around the clock in shaping Botswana to be who she is today.
Further, Botswana suffers from a widely scattered population, as there are vast distances between centers of population, although most of the urban population lives in the southeast corner of the country.
The GNP is high by African standards, and its population remains small. But as in many African countries there is migration from rural to urban areas that have resulted in the creation of shantytowns, homelessness, unemployment and crime.
Despite these problems, Botswana has achieved sustainable economic growth; it is a peaceful democratic country despite being surrounded by countries in which there is economic and political turbulence.
Botswana is a positive role model for other African countries, south of the Sahara, and it is in this context that the role of sport in Botswana will be examined.
All of the countries in Africa including Botswana, with the interesting exception of South Africa, may be described as developing countries. For Giddens the distinguishing features of developing countries is that their political systems are modeled on systems established in societies in the West; most of the populations live in rural areas, but there is a rapid growth in the cities; agriculture export remains the main economic activity; western industrialism has undermined more traditional systems; and, they form distinct political communities or nation-states.
The concept of development is addressed by reference to statistical data of the demographic conditions of the population, the quality of public communications, the achieved technological standards, life expectancy, the nutritional situation of the inhabitants, and the distribution of wealth. More specifically in relation to sport, Coghlanp.
This definition of developing countries implies that there are many similarities in the socio-economic and political composition of such countries, but they also all differ in their traditions and histories, and in their stages of development. The Problems of Sports Development Sports organizations.
Hence, in order to understand the problems of sports development in Botswana, the key sports providers will be examined.
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