The oldest known literary mention of a "Golden Age" of piracy is fromwhen the Swedish journalist George Powell wrote about "what appears to have been the golden age of piracy up to the last decade of the seventeenth century. Powell uses the phrase only once.
The almost legendary feats of the buccaneers, roundsmen and filibusters of this period did much to establish the pirate stereotype that still excites us today.
These were, after all, lawless sea robbers. At best they were rough-and-ready characters, toughened by years at sea. Many had been brutalised by combat in an endless succession of European wars.
And some, such as Edward Low, can only described as psychopaths. This unruly, ungovernable fleet of salt-water brigands almost constituted an irregular navy.
They had their own ports, their own supply chains, their own culture, and their own laws. They terrorised the coasts, islands and shipping of the Caribbean, the Bahamas and the American mainland. Some ranged as far afield as the Indian Ocean, taking spectacular prizes from the Mughal empire.
Their daring raids by turns astonished, horrified and fascinated the public. Famous pirates were like the rock stars of their age, swaggering around in fine clothes and moving in the highest echelons of society.
But their robberies and sometimes merciless cruelty also caused outrage, and ultimately led to their demise. By the s, the European powers had resolved to act decisively against the pirates. For many of the most prominent figures, the Golden Age finished with hempen noose. Marcus Rediker, in his book Villains of all Nations: And Angus Konstam, in his biography of Blackbeard, claims the Golden Age spans just 11 years, from to He traces the origin of the phrase back to Rafael Sabatini, the British author of pirate novels that included Captain Blood — later a Hollywood vehicle for Errol Flynn.
The chaotic buccaneer era had drawn slowly to a close as the European nations from which these pirates hailed pressed them to end their illegal attacks on the Spanish settlements and shipping in the New World. The last buccaneering raid was probably the French siege of Cartagena.
The buccaneers were suppressed.
Famously Henry Morgan turned from poacher to gamekeeper, returning to Jamaica to prosecute and hang his former comrades. With the stick came the carrot: They fled to the Bahamas and Bermuda. They sailed around Cape Horn and into the Pacific where, out of reach of the British and French authorities, they could prey on the Spanish relatively unhindered.
Small-time Caribbean pirates continued attacking merchant ships carrying mundane agricultural cargoes heading for Europe from colonial America. But — crucially — a few enterprising souls started an altogether more daring project. The Pirate Round As the buccaneer rabble remaining in the Caribbean contented themselves with cargoes of tobacco, salt fish and sugar, stories were spreading of treasure ships with cargoes that were quite literally fantastic: As the end of the 17th century beckoned, a few of the bravest buccaneers set sail to raid them, and a new phase began in the story of piracy.
Originally they were home-grown raiders from the surrounding coasts. When they have taken a merchant-vessel they force the merchants to swallow a stuff called Tamarindi mixed in sea-water, which produces a violent purging.
This is done in case the merchants … have swallowed their most valuable stones and pearls. And in this way the pirates secure the whole. Two centuries later the ship of Portuguese explorer Vasco da Gama was attacked by pirates off Goa. Their large galliot-style boats set off from the coast, and bore down on the Portuguese to the rhythmic accompaniment of drums — and bagpipes!Golden Age of Piracy > Triangular Trade.
Triangular Trade Background Triangular trade or triangle trade is a historical term indicating trade among three ports or regions. Triangular trade usually evolves when a region has export commodities that are not required in the region from which its major imports come.
The Golden Age of Piracy was a period of European history spanning roughly seventy years, between and Historians differ on exact dates, but this is a pretty good estimate of the time frame. The Golden Age of Piracy is a common designation given to usually one or more outbursts of piracy in maritime history of the early modern period.
In its broadest accepted definition, the Golden Age of Piracy spans the s to the s and covers three separate outbursts of piracy: The.
During the Golden Age of Piracy (), rogues pursued their lawless and murderous trade throughout the New World. Restrictive laws passed by the British Parliament had made smuggling acceptable and even desirable in North Carolina and the other American colonies.
The Golden Age of Piracy on Cape Cod and in New England: The Golden Age of Piracy actually had its roots in New England and the largest pirate treasures ever found were found on Cape Cod!
The late 17th and early 18th centuries (particularly between the years to ) are often considered the "Golden Age of Piracy" in the Caribbean, and pirate ports experienced rapid growth in the areas in and surrounding the Atlantic and Indian Oceans.