Understand the process and experience of dementia unit 4222 365

Dementia is a term used to describe the deterioration in our mental functions like our judgement, our language, our orientation and our memory. There are over a hundred different causes of dementia but the main causes are: Deterioration happens in stages, depression is common with this type of dementia.

Understand the process and experience of dementia unit 4222 365

Lauren Machado Understanding of the process and experience of Dementia Describe a range of causes of dementia syndrome Alzheimer's is caused by progressive changes and damage in the brain. The brain cells dying and the deterioration of the connectors affect how a person communicates, remembers and thinks.

Whereas Vascular Dementia is caused by a lack of oxygenated blood from reaching the brain and then in turn some parts of the brain will die.

Some of the causes of the brain being deprived of blood are heart problems, diabetes, high blood pressure and high cholesterol. Doctors have not yet conclusively identified any specific cause of dementia with Lewy bodies. Describe the types of memory impairment commonly experienced by individuals with dementia There are four typical areas where people with memory loss have difficulty, there is remembering events, taking in new information, recognizing people and places and separating fact from fiction.

For a person with dementia memory impairments are normally the most obvious symptoms but sometimes it can be quite difficult to differentiate the difference between normal memory loss and early stages of dementia.


One of the most common examples used that I can personally say that I do myself is walk into a room and completely forget what I went in there for. To misplace or lose things is a completely normal part of life which is why it can be so hard to differentiate from what is normal from what could be dementia.

As dementia progresses it can become more distinct and severe like when a someone with dementia seems to living in the past and can't remember recent events. One of the most frequently experiences types of memory loss a dementia patient suffers is forget who people are and not just that but knowing them as a different age, like on day the sufferers family may visit and say hello I am your son, and the patient would be confused as they would remember them as being much younger.

Explain the way that individuals process information with reference to the abilities and limitations of individuals with dementia The human brain is made up of around billion cells and individuals process pieces of information through the main cells in the brain called neurons.

When a neuron is 'switched on' it sends electrical pulses down the axon, the body of the neuron, which is like a fibre. At the end of the 'fibre' is a small part where chemicals are released, these chemicals are called neurotransmitters.

The neurotransmitters then travel over the synapse which is a small gap between the neurons, to then turn on another neurons.

Understand the process and experience of dementia unit 4222 365

The billion cells are then split into two halves of the brain, the left and the right hemisphere. Individuals with dementia who suffer damage to the right hemisphere of the brain will experience difficulty putting pieces of information together so they may be able to see and object or a person but they are unable to make the association with them.

Brain injury, stroke, diet, medication, Parkinson's disease, stress, lack of sleep, myalgic encephalomyelitis, Multiple sclerosis, staff change over and inadequate staff training. These factors can change an individuals condition for example when an individual suffers from a lack of sleep it can cause fatigue, this fatigue can effect there coordination, social skills, cognitive abilities can cause the individual to become more uncoordinated with tasks.

Also a change over in staff may affect the condition if an individual is used to a certain staff members routine or they may be familiar or have built trust with a staff member. Another factor could be medication as some medications can cause side effects that could cause the individual to become disorientated or may effect their memory in a negative way.

The needs of the individual may also fluctuate because of stress or lack of sleep these can also be known as 'good or bad days'. If an individual is having a 'bad day' this may affect them by having increased memory difficulties or causing them to be frustrated.

In the later stages of dementia the individual may become more dependent on those caring for them for reasons such as communication, where some individuals gradually lose the ability to speak or may have problems with continence.

They could also exhibit 'unusual behavior', an individual with dementia may become more agitated or confused later in the afternoon or early evening, this is sometimes called 'sun downing'. Early diagnosis can help the individual and their family immensely so that they can make arrangements for the future.

Early diagnosis could also help with the treatment of the individual as although there is not yet a cure for the disease there are medication that could slow down the progression of the disease. It could also give them access to information for example how you could help the individual cope with day to day life with worsening symptoms for example having a notepad by the phone so that important messages aren't forgotten, having a phone book with important numbers in or a daily pill organizer so that important medication is being remembered.

Explain the importance of recording possible signs or symptoms of dementia in an individual in line with agreed ways of working Recordings are important as they could help track habits and patterns of behavior. It also could be helpful as you could see from it improvement or a worsening of symptoms in the individual.

It is important to record signs and symptoms of dementia as it could possibly also help a doctor in diagnosing what type of dementia the individual may have.Unit Promote communication in health, social care or children’s and young people’s settings (SHC 31) Level: 3 There are four learning outcomes to this unit.

The learner will: 1. Understand why effective communication is important in the work setting 2. Be able to meet the communication and language needs, wishes and preferences. Understand the process and experience of dementia Essay Sample. This unit provides the knowledge of the neurology of dementia to support the understanding of how individuals may experience dementia.

Understand the process and experience of Dementia. Describe the range of causes of dementia syndrome. Dementia syndrome can be caused by a number of difference conditions, which is sometimes called mixed dementia/5(1).

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Understand the process and experience of Dementia. Describe the range of causes of dementia syndrome.

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