Youth migration the nigerian experience

A Nigerian Classroom via http: In this period of global economic recession, job loss, foreclosure and fear of uncertainty puts tremendous pressure on the youths and society at large. Several Youth forums have stressed the importance of quality education and practical strategies in process of tackling specific needs of young people to prepare them for the future. Youths experience difficulties in entering the labor market or starting their own businesses.

Youth migration the nigerian experience

Youth migration the nigerian experience

Email The impact of youth migration on individuals and communities Migration affects both the young migrants themselves and those young and old persons left behind.

It has a direct and often profound impact on migrants and their immediate families, but the wider community can be directly or indirectly affected as well. The consequences are complex, context-specific and subject to change over time.

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They may be influenced by factors such as the type of migration, migrant category, national migration policies, and programmatic interventions that are in place in origin, transit and destination societies or countries.

Staying connected with family members, peer groups and home communities through the exchange of information, ideas, and remittance flows—and with the stated intention of returning home at some point—is critical to producing positive development outcomes at the individual, family, community and societal levels.

Individual and household level effects The literature on youth migration and its development impact at the household level and in countries of origin and destination is sparse.

What little information is available indicates that young people and the families they leave behind sometimes see migration as a strategy for improving their livelihood prospects. In certain settings, migration constitutes Youth migration the nigerian experience important stage in the transition to adulthood and an opportunity for independent income generation.

By taking advantage of new opportunities for employment, education and skill development in their destination countries, young migrants can shape their own futures.

When youth migrate, they tend to improve both their own financial situation and the economic circumstances of their families through the income they earn and the remittances they send home. Effects on places of origin International migration can improve the social and economic welfare of young migrants and contribute to greater economic efficiency in receiving countries.

However, its impact on countries of origin tends to be mixed. One of the most serious adverse effects is human capital flight, or brain drain, which deprives countries of origin of the economic and social contributions of their best educated and most highly skilled citizens.

The negative impact of brain drain is particularly evident in the health and education sectors of developing countries, as well as in small developing countries, where the pool of professionals is limited.

What is at Stake?

There is empirical evidence, however, that the return of migrants to their countries of origin can offset some of the loss of skilled labour through emigration.

Remittances, in addition to the knowledge, skills and investments made or sent home by young migrants in their country of origin, contribute meaningfully to enhancing economic growth and reducing poverty—both of which are central to the realization of the Millennium Development Goals MDGs.

At the household level, increased family incomes can insulate recipients against natural and economic shocks and defray health and education expenses.

At the societal or collective level, remittances from diaspora youth communities may be channeled into basic infrastructure projects such as bridges and schools, improving local development in countries of origin. The mixed impact on youth left behind by migrant parents Migration and remittances have both positive and negative effects on youth left behind.

Traditionally, guiding children through their formative years has been a primary function of parents, and the absence of one or both parents can have a serious impact on the psychological, emotional and social development of boys and girls during their childhood and youth—with possible implications for their effective transition to early adulthood.

At the same time, young people left behind may develop the capacity for independent decision-making as they assume greater responsibility for the well-being of the household at home. However, remittances can also promote dependency among youth and other household members left behind.

Taken together, the lack of parental supervision and the availability of what may be seen as discretionary funds may increase the likelihood that youth left behind will engage in risky behaviours.

Negative effects - Migration often results in the loss of highly skilled workers and a reduction in the quality of essential services.This paper explores the challenge of youth employment in the Nigerian context with a bid to demonstrate interconnections among socio-economic characteristics and incessant youth migration.

Univariate and multivariate analysis were carried out with. Youth Migration in Nigeria (Part I) BY: Mathew Nwokwu | Category: Politics | Submitted: It is only the South East that has five (5) states in the Nigerian scheme of things, knowing full well that States constitute the second level of Government.

This unevenness in developmental affairs deprives Ebonyi and any other. The million African immigrants residing in the United States in accounted for percent of all U.S.

immigrants. MPI's Kristen McCabe examines the origins, socioeconomic characteristics, and legal status of the African-born immigrant population.

1 Impact of Migration on Economic and Social Development: A review of evidence and emerging issuesi Abstract: This paper provides a review of the literature on the development impact of migration and remittances on origin countries and on destination countries in the South. Agriculture presents a unique opportunity for African youth, not only because it is the largest contributor to GDP in most African countries, but also because it continues to experience significant growth.

ii. From Africa to Europe, youth and transnational migration: Examining the lived experiences of Nigerian migrant youth in Malta. Michael Onyedika Nwalutu.

Youth Migration in Nigeria (Part I)